Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE)

Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE)


Paper-Based Test
Paper-Based Test

The purpose of the MPRE is to measure the examinee's knowledge and understanding of established standards related to a lawyer's professional conduct; the MPRE is not a test to determine an individual's personal ethical values. Lawyers serve in many capacities: for example, as judges, advocates, counselors, and in other roles.

The law governing the conduct of lawyers in these roles is applied in disciplinary and bar admission procedures, and by courts in dealing with issues of appearance, representation, privilege, disqualification, and contempt or other censure, and in lawsuits seeking to establish liability for malpractice and other civil or criminal wrongs committed by a lawyer while acting in a professional capacity. Test questions covering judicial ethics apply the current CJC. Other questions will deal with discipline of lawyers by state disciplinary authorities; in these questions, the correct answer will be governed by the current MRPC.

The remaining questions, outside the disciplinary context, are designed to measure an understanding of the generally accepted rules, principles, and common law regulating the legal profession in the United States; in these questions, the correct answer will be governed by the view reflected in a majority of cases, statutes, or regulations on the subject. To the extent that questions of professional responsibility arise in the context of procedural or evidentiary issues, such as the availability of litigation sanctions or the scope of the attorney-client evidentiary privilege, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Federal Rules of Evidence will be assumed to apply, unless otherwise stated.

As a general rule, particular local statutes or rules of court will not be tested on the MPRE. However, a specific question may include the text of a local statute or rule that must be considered when answering that question. Amendments to the MRPC or CJC are reflected in the examination no earlier than one year after the approval of the amendments by the American Bar Association.

Jurisdiction Information

The MPRE is required for admission to the bars of all but four U.S. jurisdictions. A list of jurisdictions currently using the MPRE is available by clicking on Which jurisdictions require the MPRE? Passing scores are established by each jurisdiction. Since the MPRE requirements vary from one jurisdiction to another, examinees are advised to contact the jurisdictions directly for the most current information regarding passing scores, rules, and policies. Contact information for jurisdictions can be found at Bar Admission Services.

Taking the Test

Each question provides a factual situation along with a specific question and four possible answer choices. The examinee should choose the best answer from the four stated options. The examinee should mark only one answer for each question; multiple answers will be scored as incorrect. Since scores are based on the number of questions answered correctly, the examinee is advised to answer every question. If a question seems too difficult, the examinee is advised to go on to the next one and come back to the skipped question later.

Test Dates: available at the MPRE website
Registration: Register online at the MPRE website
Payment: Payment must be via a credit card drawn from a U.S. bank.
Test Location: 2203 MCHS
Directions: Directions to campus
Reporting Time: 15 minutes prior to your confirmed start time.
Parking: Parking passes are required and may be picked up at the Buckingham Maintenance Center.
Bring: Admission Ticket and one form of valid, current (unexpired) ID containing both your photograph and your signature. (Ex) Driver's license or passport.
Illness/Accident: If you cannot appear for a test date due to illness or accident, you must send an email to the Test Center letting us know not to expect you.